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Phase 5

Children will be taught new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these graphemes and graphemes they already know.  They will begin to learn to choose the appropriate grapheme when spelling.  The children will be automatically decoding a large number of words for reading by this point.

Tricky words introduced in Phase 5:

  • oh
  • their
  • people
  • Mr
  • Mrs
  • looked
  • called
  • asked
  • water
  • where
  • who
  • again
  • thought
  • though
  • work
  • mouse
  • many
  • laughed
  • because
  • different
  • any
  • eyes
  • friends
  • once
  • please

New graphemes for reading:

  • ay day
  • oy boy
  • wh when
  • a-e make
  • ou out
  • ir gril
  • ph photo
  • e-e these
  • ie tie
  • ue blue
  • ew new
  • i-e like
  • ea eat
  • aw saw
  • oe toe
  • o-e home
  • au Paul
  • u-e rule

During this phase children will begin reading words fluently and no longer be blending and segmenting familiar words.

The real focus throughout the phase is to not only learn the new graphemes for reading but also to learn to read words with alternative pronunciations.  Children also will need to learn alternative spellings for each phoneme.